مجری طرح: علی اسدپور
Patterns of urban Space Representation in Golestan Palace Tile works
Tile designs and their motifs derived from mental and normative beliefs in any period of architecture history. The Golestan Palace complex, Tehran, is a valuable and exquisite collection of designs of tiles that includes a broad range of subjects. One of the main themes in tiling is the urban and architectural perspectives as a landscape farm that are an important part of the images have been allocated. Less works have been done on representation patterns of urban areas in tile works as an independent subject, and no academic analysis has been conducted in this field. This paper aims to establish a theoretical framework and apply it on the Golestan Palace tiles which located on the palace facades. This study used combination of strategies, including library and field studies. In total, 63 pictures of landscapes Tile works on exterior of The Palace buildings has been prepared and studied. From above 6 images possessing the features of the urban environment and were emphasized. Patterns of representations in the design of urban space have been analyzed in three categories; A) The Spatial-physical characteristics of images revealing the presence of enclosure field or squares which closed with a visual indicator on the side or a long street with signs & landmarks that in the pictures could be identified clearly. These tiles have a fountain(s) at its centers. B) Visual-perceptual features of images uses vertical oval frames, one pointed perspectives and efforts to maintain a central symmetry or at least balance in the organization of picture elements relatively. C) The pictures indicate the nature of the functional-activity properties of these spaces, included recreation and sightseeing, and often by the presence of two groups of people.
Keywords:Urban space, Tile works, Landscape, Qajar art, Golestan Palace